Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
My work (text/figure(s)/tablels) is original.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor)
- The submission file is in Microsoft Word, LibreOffice/OpenOffice, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
- When available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font, employs italics rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
Papers in Arts and Humanities
- Papers should be written in either British or American English, please be consequent and use the same language variant throughout the whole text.
- The authors are required to check the spelling and composition of the submissions, texts with incorrect spelling or linguistic errors will be rejected.
- Please submit only original articles/reviews, all materials will undergo plagiarism check and problematic documents will be rejected.
- We do not accept materials already submitted to other journals.
- Article metadata (author name, affiliation, abstract, short bio etc.) will be completed by completing the forms of the online submission system.
- Papers, the pictures and other materials (if needed) have to be submitted via the online submissions system.
- Word count:
- The word length for abstracts is 150–250.
- Each abstract should be accompanied by exactly 5 keywords.
- The word length for scholarly articles is 4000–7000.
- The word length for reviews is 1000–1500.
- Papers should be submitted in Word (doc, docx) or LibreOffice/OpenOffice (odt) formats.
- Please remove all images from the document and submit them separately, see the Text formatting and Figures section.
- Use A4 format, with margins of 2 cm.
- The text should be double spaced and written in 12pt Times New Roman.
- For emphasis use only italics, not bold, underline, small or NORMAL caps.
- Refrain from using unnecessary styles.
- Do not use special insertions, like lines or ornaments.
- Leave the text left-aligned, never use manual hyphenation or any sort of special breaks (for example page breaks or section breaks).
- The main title of the text should be typeset with 14pt Times New Roman, Title Case, bold, centered, with two empty lines below.
- The abstract (150-250 words) and keywords (5) should be inserted after the main title, with an empty line between and after them, preceded by the “Abstract:” and “Keywords:” texts.
- Headings should be left-aligned and bold, with an empty line before and after, preceded by a leading text (H1:, H2:, H3:), without using style-sheets:
- H1: Text of heading 1
- H2: Text of heading 2
- H3: Text of heading 3
- Do not use numbered headings and more than 3 heading levels.
- For footnotes use the footnote function of your word processor and simple Arabic numerals, the usage of endnotes should be avoided.
- For lists you can use both bullets or numbering, but try to avoid nested lists.
- Table 1: text, Source table 1:
- Figure 1: caption of figure 1, Source figure 1:
- Avoid embedded captions and references to the source
- Please use simple tables with simple borders, without special or extensive formatting.
- If possible, avoid merged cells, complicated table structures or multi-page tables.
- Do not use the automatic table numbering or the caption facility of the Word processor, instead put the following texts below the table:
- Table 1: Here comes the table caption.
- Source: Here comes the source of the table data.
- If referring to a table always use explicit reference (e.g. “See Table 5”), not relative reference (e.g. “the table below”, “the above table”). The text will be reformatted and repaginated, so relative references might become misleading.
- Never include images in the text, instead use image placeholders with an empty line above and below:
- Figure 1: Here comes the image caption.
- Source: Here comes the source of the image.
- Copyright: CC BY 4.0 or Public domain
- Submit the images separately, name the files as the image/figure placeholders, e.g. “Figure1.tiff”.
- Transform all charts, flowcharts or other drawings to images.
- Image format for rasterized images: TIFF, JPEG, PNG
- Possible format for graphs, line art, vector graphics (preferably with embedded fonts or fonts converted to outlines): EPS, SVG, PDF
- Resolution: Rasterized files require a resolution of at least 300 dpi, line art, vector graphics should be supplied with a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.
- Dimension: Check that the artworks supplied match or exceed the dimensions of the journal, the scaling up of the images might lead to quality loss.
- If referring to a figure always use explicit reference (e.g. “See Figure 5”), not relative reference (e.g. “the picture below”, “the above figure”). The text will be reformatted and repaginated, so relative references might become misleading.
- Captions and descriptions of sources should not be embedded in the image files, they only appear in the document text.
Citations and references
- References should be prepared using the APA Style 7th Edition format, all citations should be inserted as in-text parenthetical or narrative citations, please consult: https://apastyle.apa.org/, https://apastyle.apa.org/instructional-aids/reference-examples.pdf, https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples, https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/general_format.html
- We recommend the usage of a reference manager software (e.g. Zotero, Mendeley, EndNote), these are updated with the latest changes of the APA style.
- For in-text citations of direct quotations include the page numbers: (Smith, 2019, p. 25) or (Smith, 2019, pp. 19-20). Page numbers should not be included if the material is not quoted directly.
- Short quotations (< 40 words) will be incorporated in the text/sentence, enclosed in double quotation marks.
- Long quotations (at least 40 words) appear in block quotations format:
- Leave an empty line both above and below the block.
- Indent the block with 1 cm.
- Enclose the block in double quotation marks (which will be removed after plagiarism check).
Short APA style guidelines: in-text citations
- All references in the text and notes must be specified by the authors’ last names and date of publication together with page numbers for direct quotations from print (or paginated electronic) sources.
- Do not use ibid., id., op. cit., infra., supra. or other similar abbreviations.
- If the author’s name is in the text, follow with the year in parentheses: ... Author Last Name (year) has argued …
- If the author’s name is not in the text, insert last name, comma and year: ... several works (Author Last Name, year) have described …
- For direct quotations, the page number follows the year, preceded by “p”. (or “pp.” for more than one pages): ... it has been noted (Author Last Name, year, p. XXX) that …
- Where there are two authors, always cite both names, joined by “and” if within running text and outside of parentheses; joined by an ampersand (&) if within parenthetical material, in tables and in captions, and in the reference list: ... Author Last Name and Author Last Name stated that … / … it has been stated (Author Last Name & Author Last Name, year) …
- When a work has three or more authors, include only the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” and the year: ... Author 1 Last Name et al. (year) found that … / … the theory (Author 1 Last Name et al., year) suggests that …
- If two references with three or more authors shorten to the same form, cite the surnames of the first authors and of as many of the subsequent authors as necessary to distinguish the two references, followed by a comma and ‘et al.’
- If two or more references by the same author are cited together, separate the dates with a comma (in chronological order): … the author has stated this in several studies (Author Last Name, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2006) …
- If there is more than one reference to the same author (or by the same two or more authors in the same order) and year, insert the suffixes ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc., after the year of publication and repeat the year. The suffixes are assigned in the reference list, where these kinds of references are ordered alphabetically by title (of the article, chapter, or complete work): … it was described (Author Last Name, 2000a, 2000b, 2000c) …
- List two or more works by different authors who are cited within the same parentheses in alphabetical order by the first author’s surname, separated by semicolons: … and it has been noted (Clark, 2001; Miller, 2001) …
- When names of groups (e.g. government agencies, universities, etc.) serve as authors, these are usually spelled out each time they appear in a text citation. However, some group authors can be spelled out in the first citation and abbreviated thereafter:
- First text citation: … (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2000) …
- Subsequent text citation: … (NIMH, 2000) …
- When a work has no author as such, cite in the text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title of an article or chapter or web page and italicize the title of a journal, book, etc.: ... it was stated (“Title of publication”, year) that …
Short APA style guidelines: reference styles
- Journal article
- Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Article title. Journal Name, vol. no.(issue no.), page range. DOI or URL
- Ananthaswamy, A., & Douglas, K. (2018). The Origins of the Patriarchy. New Scientist, 238(3174), 34–35. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0262-4079(18)30707-3
- Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Book title.
- Fielding, N. G., Lee, R. M., & Blank, G. (2016). The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods. SAGE.
- Book chapter
- Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Chapter title. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Book title (pp. xxx–xxx). Publisher.
- Bogdan, R., & Biklen, S. K. (1992). Data Analysis. In Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and methods (pp. 153–183). Allyn and Bacon.
- Conference paper (book chapter in conference proceedings)
- The format for conference proceedings published as an edited book chapter (conference proceedings with ISBN) is the same as for edited book chapters.
- Conference proceedings published in a journal format (conferences proceedings with ISSN) follow the same format as journal articles.
Short APA style guidelines: reference editing checklist
- Check that the list is in alphabetical order by surname of the first author.
- Names should be in initial cap then lower case.
- Where several references have the same author(s), do not use ditto marks or em dashes; the name must be repeated each time.
- When ordering several works by the same first author:
- Single-author references arranged in date order, the earliest first
- Single-author entries precede multiple-author entries beginning with the same surname
- Two or more author references in alphabetical order according to the second author’s last name, or if the second author is the same, the last name of the third author, and so on
- References with the same authors in the same order are arranged by year of publication, the earliest first:
- Smith, W., & Putnam, P. (2001)
- Smith, W. (2003a)
- Smith, W. (2003b)
- Smith, W. (2003c)
- Check that all periodical data are included, like volume, issue and page numbers (complete span, not shortened), publisher, etc.
- The date of retrieval of online material is not required, only the URL. Exceptions include dictionary entries, databases, and websites that are updated regularly but are not archived.
- Include a DOI hyperlink for all works that have a DOI, regardless of whether the print version or the online version was used.
 The Arabic number of the actual table.
 For other source types check: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose.